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教育部教材局负责人就《大中小学劳动教育指导纲要(试行)》答记者问
时间: 2019-07-29  来源:yb体育_官网   作者:

  zai《zhonggongzhongyang guowuyuanybtiyuquanmianjiaqiangxinshidaidazhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyudeyijian》(yixiajiancheng《yijian》)yinfahoubujiu,jiaoyubuyinfale《dazhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyuzhidaogangyao(shixing)》(yixiajiancheng《zhidaogangyao》)。jizhejiu《zhidaogangyao》youguanwenticaifanglejiaoyubujiaocaijufuzeren。

  1.zhonggongzhongyang、guowuyuande《yijian》yiyujinnian3yuexiaxunyinfa,weishenmejiaoyubuhaiyaochutai《zhidaogangyao》?

  da: laodongjiaoyushixinshiqidangduijiaoyudexinyaoqiu,shizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijiaoyuzhidudezhongyaoneirong,yiyizhongda。《yijian》mianxiangquanshehui,quanmianbushulaodongjiaoyugongzuo。《zhidaogangyao》shi《yijian》depeitaowenjian,zhuyaomianxiangjiaoyuxitongneibu,yiju《yijian》,xihuayouguanyaoqiu,zhongdianjiejuelaodongjiaoyushishenme、jiaoshenme、zenmejiaodengwenti。laodongjiaoyuyouzijidetedianheguilv,zhuanyexingbijiaoqiang。tigaolaodongjiaoyuzhiliangheshuiping,bixujiaqiangzhuanyezhidao。

  2.shehuishangduishenmeshilaodongjiaoyuyoubutonglijie,《zhidaogangyao》shizenmeguidingde?

yb体育  da: dangqianhushilaodongdexianxiangzhuyaobiaoxianweiqingshitililaodong,youqishikanbuqiputonglaodongzhe。《zhidaogangyao》zhongshen《yijian》tichude“yitililaodongweizhu,zhuyishounaobingyong”yaoqiu,bingjinyibuchanminglelaodongjiaoyudeneihanhetezheng,zhichu“laodongjiaoyushifahuilaodongdeyurengongneng,duixueshengjinxingreailaodong、reailaodongrenmindejiaoyuhuodong”,tajuyousangejibentezheng: yishixianmingdesixiangxing,qiangdiaolaodongzheshiguojiadezhuren,yiqielaodonghelaodongzhedouyinggaidedaogulihezunzhong,fanduiyiqiebulaoerhuo、chongshangbaofu、tantuxiangledecuowusixiang;ershituchudeshehuixing,yaoqiuyindaoxueshengzouxiangshehui,renshishehui,qianghuazerendandangyishi,tihuishehuizhuyishehuipingdeng、hexiedexinxinglaodongguanxi;sanshixianzhudeshijianxing,yidongshoushijianweizhuyaofangshi,yindaoxueshengzairenshishijiedejichushang,xuehuijiansheshijie,suzaoziji,shixianshude、zengzhi、qiangti、yumeidemude。

yb体育  3.laodongjiaoyuyinggaijiaoshenme?younaxiejiaoyuyaoqiu?《zhidaogangyao》duicishiruheguidingde?

  da: yiju《yijian》,《zhidaogangyao》congyixiajigefangmianduilaodongjiaoyudemubiaoneirongzuolexihuahejutihua: yishimingquelaodongjiaoyumubiaokuangjia,jutibaokuoshulizhengquedelaodongguannian、juyoubibeidelaodongnengli、peiyujijidelaodongjingshen、yangchenglianghaodelaodongxiguanhepinzhisigefangmian;ershimingquesanleilaodongjiaoyu(richangshenghuolaodongjiaoyu、shengchanlaodongjiaoyu、fuwuxinglaodongjiaoyu)deyurenjiazhidingwei;sanshimingquexiaoxue、chuzhong、putonggaozhong、zhiyeyuanxiao、putonggaodengxuexiaolaodongjiaoyuzhuyaoneironghesanleilaodongjiaoyudejutiyaoqiu。gedihexuexiaokeyiyijuyishangsangefangmiandeyaoqiu,jieheshijizhidinggengweijutidelaodongjiaoyuqingdan,qieshijiejuelaodongjiaoyujiaoshenmedewenti。

  4.tigaolaodongjiaoyudezhiliangshuiping,bixujiejuezenmejiaodewenti。《zhidaogangyao》shiruhejiaqiangzhidaode?

  da: dangqianxuexiaozhongyoujiaoyuwulaodongheyoulaodongwujiaoyudewentitongshicunzai。《zhidaogangyao》congdulikaishelaodongjiaoyubixiuke、zaixuekezhuanyezhongyoujishentoulaodongjiaoyu、zaikewaixiaowaihuodonganpailaodongshijian、zaixiaoyuanwenhuajianshezhongqianghualaodongwenhuasigefangmianmingquelaodongjiaoyudetujing,tebieshiduilaodongjiaoyubixiuke、kewaixiaowailaodongshijianshijian、meixuenianyicidelaodongzhoutichulejutiyaoqiu,jianglaodongjiaoyunarurencaipeiyangquanguocheng,qieshijiejueyoujiaoyuwulaodongdewenti。tongshi,laodongjiaoyubushijiandanrangxueshengsaodi、zuojiawu,《zhidaogangyao》weiraojiangjieshuoming、cuiliancaozuo、xiangmushijian、fansijiaoliu、bangyangshifandengguanjianhuanjie,jiaqiangduilaodongjiaoyufangshifangfadejutizhidao,yaoqiutongguozuzhixueshengcanjialaodongshijian,duixueshengjinxingreailaodong、reailaodongrenmindejiaoyu,qieshijiejueyoulaodongwujiaoyudewenti。

  5.pingjiayeshidajiapubianguanxindewenti,《zhidaogangyao》ruhexihuayouguanyaoqiu?

  da: 《zhidaogangyao》zaipingjiagaigefangmiantuchuqiangdiaosandian: yishiyijulaodongjiaoyumubiao,zhidinglaodongsuyangpingjiabiaozhun,zhuzhongduixueshenglaodongsuyangxingchenghefazhanqingkuangdecepingfenxi;ershijiangpingshibiaoxianpingjia、xueduanzonghepingjiahexueshenglaodongsuyangjiancequbiekailai,fenbietichuxiangyingyaoqiu;sanshiliyongdashuju、yunpingtai、wulianwangdengxiandaixinxijishu,gaijinpingjiafangshishouduan。

  6.zhiyeyuanxiaobenlaijiushixuelaodongjishu,weishenmeyeyaojiaqianglaodongjiaoyuni?《zhidaogangyao》duizhiyeyuanxiaolaodongjiaoyuyoushenmejutiyaoqiu?

  da: henduolaodonglibukaijishuhegongju,xiandailaodonggongju、shebeijishuhanlianggao,laodongjiaoyubixujiaqiangjishuxuexizhidao,danshijinyoujishuxuexihaibushiwanzhengdelaodongjiaoyu。laodongjiaoyuyaoyijishuweizhongyaozaiti,peiyangxueshengdelaodongqinggan、laodongnenglihelaodongpinzhi,zailaodongsuyangdepeiyushangxiagongfu。

  《zhidaogangyao》mingquetichuzhiyeyuanxiaolaodongjiaoyudezhongdianshijiehezhuanyetedian,zengqiangxueshengzhiyerongyuganhezerengan,tigaozhiyelaodongjinengshuiping,peiyujijixiangshangdelaodongjingshenherenzhenfuzedelaodongtaidu;guidingzhiyeyuanxiaokaishelaodongzhuantijiaoyubixiuke,bushaoyu16xueshi,zhuyaoweiraolaodongjingshen、laomojingshen、gongjiangjingshen、laodongzuzhi、laodonganquanhelaodongfaguidengfangmiansheji;tongshijianglaodongjiaoyuquanmianrongrugonggongjichukehezhuanyekezhizhong,zhuzhongpeiyangxueshengdejingyejingshen,chikunailao、tuanjiehezuo、yanjinxizhidegongzuotaidu;haiyaoqiuzhiyeyuanxiaozhudongkaifangshixunshixichangsuo、sheshishebei,weiputongzhongxiaoxueheputonggaoxiaotigongsuoxuyaodefuwu。

  7.《zhidaogangyao》zaiputonggaodengxuexiaolaodongjiaoyufangmianyoushenmeguiding?

yb体育  da: jieheputonggaodengxuexiaodeshijiqingkuang,《zhidaogangyao》qiangdiaolesangefangmianyaoqiu: yishimingquezhongdian,qianghuamakesizhuyilaodongguanjiaoyu,zhuzhongweiraochuangxinchuangye,jiehexuekezhuanyekaizhanshengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodong,jileizhiyejingyan,peiyuchuangzaoxinglaodongnenglihechengshishouxindehefalaodongyishi;ershiguidingzaiti,yaoqiumingquezhuyaoyituodekecheng,qizhongbenkejieduanlaodongjiaoyubixiukebushaoyu32xueshi,mingquexueshengrichangshenghuozhongdelaodongshixiangheshijian,zuzhikaizhanlaodongzhouhuolaodongyue;sanshiqianghuafuwu,jiaqianglaodongjiaoyushizipeiyang,youtiaojiandeyuanxiaokaishelaodongjiaoyuxiangguanzhuanye。

yb体育  8.zhongxiaoxuexiaomianguangliangda,shejiqianjiawanhu。《zhidaogangyao》zaizhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyufangmian,zhezhongqiangdiaoleshenme?

  da: yuzhiyeyuanxiao、gaodengxuexiaoxiangbijiao,zhongxiaoxueyouzijidetedian。《zhidaogangyao》zaijiaqiangzhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyufangmianzhezhongqiangdiaolewudian: yishidahaojichu。zailaodongguannian、laodongnengli、laodongxiguanpinzhidengfangmianquanmiandahaojichu,zhuzhongrichangshenghuolaodongxiguandeyangcheng,zaishengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodongfangmian,yishiyongchuantonggongju、chuantonggongyidelaodongweizhu,yindaoxueshengtihuilaodongrenmindejianxinhezhihui,chuanchengzhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhua。ershianquanshidu。yaogenjuxueshengnianlingtedianyouxuanpailaodongjiaoyuneirongyaoqiu,zaichangsuosheshixuanze、cailiaoxuanyong、gongjushebeihefanghuyongpinshiyong、huodongliuchengdengfangmianzhidinganquan、kexuecaozuoguifan,jiaqianglaodonganquanjiaoyu。sanshikaiqikecheng。shanghaomeizhouyijielaodongjiaoyubixiuke,tongshianpaibiyaodekewailaodongshijianhelaodongzhouhuodong。sishijiangjiufangfa。zhuzhongjifaxueshengcanyulaodongshijiandezhudongxing、jijixinghechuangzaoxing。wushijiaxiaohezuo。jianliyixuexiaoweizhudao、jiatingweijichu、shequweiyituodexietongshishijizhi,tebieshitongguojiazhanghui、jiazhangxuexiaodengtujing,yindaojiazhangshulizhengquedelaodongguan,mingquejiazhangdelaodongjiaoyuzeren,rangjiazhangzhudongzhidaoheducuhaiziwanchengjiating、shequlaodongrenwu。

yb体育  9.《zhidaogangyao》zhenzhengluodi,libukaiqieshideziyuanzhichihetiaojianbaozhang。duici,jiaoyubuyoushenmeyaoqiu?

  da: laodongjiaoyuyiyizhongda,gedihexuexiaoyaojianglaodongjiaoyubaizaituchuweizhishang,qieshiyuyijiaqiang。

yb体育  yishijiaqiangzuzhiguanli。gedihexuexiaoyaomingqueshishijigouherenyuan,jutifuzelaodongjiaoyudeguihuasheji、zuzhixiediao、ziyuanzhenghe、shizipeixun、guochengguanli、zongjiepingjiadeng。

yb体育  ershijiaqiangzhichibaozhang。gedihexuexiaoyaoduilaodongjiaoyusuoxuyaodeshizi、changdisheshi、jingfeitourudeng,jinxingheliguihuahetongchouanpai,weilaodongjiaoyudeshishichuangzaobiyaotiaojian。jianlijianquanjiatingxuexiaoshehuixietongshishi、shishenganquanbaozhang、laodongjiaoyududaohekaohejilidengjizhi,diaodonggefangmiandejijixing。

  sanshijiaqiangzhuanyeyanjiuhezhidao。shelilaodongjiaoyuyanjiuxiangmu,kaizhanzhuanxiangyanjiuheshijiantansuo。zuzhikaizhanlaodongjiaoyujiaoyanhuodong,kaizhanlaodongjiaoyukechengziyuanyanfa,cujinyouzhiziyuandegongxiangyushiyong,buduantigaolaodongjiaoyudezhiliangheshuiping。

  kaolvdaogedichayibijiaoda,gejigeleijiaoyuyebuyiyang,《zhidaogangyao》youyigezaishijianjianyanzhongzhubuwanshandeguocheng。yinci,cici《zhidaogangyao》xianyi“shixing”defangshibanbushishi。xiwanggedihexuexiaozaishixingqijian,chuangzaogengduogenghaodejingyan,bangzhuwomenxiudingwanshan。


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