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教育部有关负责人就《中共中央办公厅 国务院办公厅yb体育全面加强和改进新时代学校美育工作的意见》答记者问
时间: 2019-11-12  来源:yb体育_官网   作者:

  jinri,zhonggongzhongyangbangongting、guowuyuanbangongtingyinfale《ybtiyuquanmianjiaqianghegaijinxinshidaixuexiaomeiyugongzuodeyijian》(yixiajiancheng《yijian》),jiuquanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,jiaqianghegaijinxinshidaixuexiaomeiyugongzuojinxinglexitongshejihequanmianbushu。jiaoyubuyouguanfuzerenjiuxiangguanwentihuidalejizhetiwen。

yb体育  1.wen: qingjieshaoyixia《yijian》chutaidebeijing。

  da: meiyushidangdejiaoyufangzhendezhongyaozuchengbufen。xuexiaomeiyugongzuoshilideshuren、peigenzhuhundeshiye。dangdeshibadayilai,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyanggaoduzhongshixuexiaomeiyugongzuo,baxuexiaomeiyugongzuobaizaigengjiatuchuweizhi,zuochuyixiliezhongdajuecebushu。2013niandangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuitichu“gaijinmeiyujiaoxue,tigaoxueshengshenmeiherenwensuyang”,2015nianguowuyuanbangongtingyinfa《ybtiyuquanmianjiaqianghegaijinxuexiaomeiyugongzuodeyijian》,2018nian8yuexijinpingzongshujijizhongyangmeiyuan8weilaojiaoshouhuixin,2018nian9yuexijinpingzongshujizaiquanguojiaoyudahuishangduimeiyugongzuozuochuzhongyaozhishi,2019nian3yuequanguo“lianghui”qijian,xijinpingzongshujikanwangwenyijieshekejieweiyuanshi,duiwenhuawenyigongzuoyoutichumingqueyaoqiu,2020nian9yue22ri,xijinpingzongshujizaijiaoyuwenhuaweishengtiyulingyuzhuanjiadaibiaozuotanhuishang,zaiciqiangdiaojiaqianghegaijinxuexiaomeiyu。xuexiaomeiyubixubuduanzengqiangyixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,tishengsixiangzijue、zhengzhizijue、xingdongzijue,yudangzhongyangguowuyuandeyaoqiutongxiangtongxing,yutuijinsuzhijiaoyudeyaoqiutongxiangtongxing,yuxueshengquanmianfazhandepoqieyaoqiutongxiangtongxing。

  jiyushangshubeijing,《yijian》chutai,zhuyaoshishixianyixialianggefangmiandemude:

  yishijiaqiangdingcengsheji,yixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangtonglingxuexiaomeiyugaigefazhan。duibiaoxijinpingzongshujizhongyaojianghuahequanguojiaoyudahuijingshen,conggenggaozhanweichufa,duixuexiaomeiyugongzuojinxingzairenshi、zaishenhua、zaisheji、zaituijin,jinyibuqianghuaxuexiaomeiyuyurengongneng,goujiandezhitimeilaoquanmianpeiyangdejiaoyutixi。mingquexinshidaixuexiaomeiyuweishenmezuo、zuoshenme、zenmezuo,jinyibutuxianmeiyudejiazhigongneng,jinyibuwanshanmeiyudexitongsheji,jinyibutuozhanmeiyudeshishilujing,jinyibuqianghuameiyudezuzhibaozhang。

  ershijujiaotuchuwenti,mingquegaigefazhandezhongdianrenwu,tuijinxinshidaixuexiaomeiyumaishangxintaijie。dangdeshibadayilai,xuexiaomeiyushixianlekuayueshifazhan,qudelelishixingchengjiu。danzongtishangkan,meiyurengranshizhenggejiaoyushiyezhongdeboruohuanjie,xuexiaomeiyuzaigaigefazhanzhongbiaoxianchulesangebushiying: xuexiaomeiyuyusuzhijiaoyudeyaoqiuhaibuxiangshiying;yutuijinjiaoyuxiandaihuadeyaoqiuhaibuxiangshiying;yuquanmianshixianxiaokangshehuihelianggebainianmubiaohaibuxiangshiying。yinci,xuyaozhaozhuntupokouheluojiaodian,lizhengzaikechengjiaoxue、jiaoshiduiwu、tiaojiangaishan、pingjiajizhidengfangmianxianyougongzuodejichushang,tichujinyibudegaigejucuo。

  2.wen: ruhezhunquebawo《yijian》duixinshidaixuexiaomeiyugongzuodezongtiyaoqiu。

  da: 《yijian》duixinshidaixuexiaomeiyugongzuodezongtiyaoqiuzhuyaotixianzaiyixiasigefangmian:

  yishiqiangdiaozhongyaoyiyi。qiangdiaomeishichunjiedaode、fengfujingshendezhongyaoyuanquan,congshenmeijiaoyu、qingcaojiaoyu、xinlingjiaoyu、fengfuxiangxianglihepeiyangchuangxinyishidejiaoyusigeweidujinyibuqiangdiaomeiyudejiazhigongneng。

  ershimingquezhidaosixiang。mingqueyilideshurenweigenben,yishehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanweiyinling,yitigaoxueshengshenmeiherenwensuyangweimubiao,hongyangzhonghuameiyujingshen,yimeiyuren、yimeihuaren、yimeipeiyuan,bameiyunaruxuexiaorencaipeiyangquanguocheng,guanchuanxuexiaojiaoyugexueduan。  

  sanshiqueligongzuoyuanze。《yijian》quelilemeiyugongzuojianchisanxiangyuanze: “jianchizhengquefangxiang”——yinlingxueshengshulizhengquedelishiguan、minzuguan、guojiaguan、wenhuaguan,taoyegaoshangqingcao,suzaomeihaoxinling,zengqiangwenhuazixin。“jianchimianxiangquanti”——jianquanmianxiangrenrendexuexiaomeiyuyurenjizhi,suoxiaochengxiangchajuhexiaojichaju,rangsuoyouzaixiaoxueshengdouxiangyoujieshoumeiyudejihui。“jianchigaigechuangxin”——quanmianshenhuaxuexiaomeiyuzonghegaige,xingchengchongmanhuoli、duofangxiezuo、kaifanggaoxiaodexuexiaomeiyuxingeju。

yb体育  sishiquedingzhuyaomubiao。anzhao2022nianhe2035nianlianggezhongyaoshijianjiediantichumubiaoyaoqiu。dao2022nian,xuexiaomeiyuqudetupoxingjinzhan,yurenchengxiaoxianzhuzengqiang。dao2035nianjibenshixianshehuizhuyixiandaihuashi,xuexiaomeiyujibenxingchengquanfugai、duoyanghua、gaozhiliangdejuyouzhongguotesedexiandaihuaxuexiaomeiyutixi。

  3.wen: 《yijian》tidaoleronghedelinian,jutidaoxuexiaomeiyukechengshangruheshishi,younaxiexiangyingdejucuo。

  da: jiaqiangmeiyudeshentouyuronghe,xuexiaomeiyukechengjiansheshizhongdian。《yijian》jinjinzhuazhukechengzheiyiguanjianyaosuhehuanjie,zaisigefangmiantichushishigouxiang:

  yishixuekeronghe,jiaqiangmeiyuyudeyu、zhiyu、tiyu、laodongjiaoyuxiangronghe,chongfenwajuegexuekesuoyunhandefengfumeiyuziyuan,youjizhenghexiangguanxuekedemeiyuneirong,tuijinkechengjiaoxue、shehuishijianhexiaoyuanwenhuajiansheshenduronghe,xingchengxietongyurengeju。 

yb体育  ershixueduanxianjie,wanshanmeiyukechengshezhi,qiangdiaoxuexiaomeiyukechengyaoyiyishukechengweizhuti,baokuoyinle、meishu、shufa、wudao、xiju、xiqu、yingshidengkecheng,fenxueduanyoucezhongdiguihuameiyukechengshezhi,xianghuhuying、youxiaopeihe,goujiandazhongxiaoyouxianghuxianjiedemeiyukechengtixi。

yb体育  sanshimubiaozhenghe,tuxianyishuxuekejiazhiyutedian,mingquemeiyukechengyaopeiyangdehexinsuyang,zhuzhongzhengquejiazhiguan、bibeipingeheguanjiannenglidengduoweiyurenmubiaodezhenghe,yulideshurendezongtiyaoqiuyouxiaoduijie,mingquexueqianjiaoyu、yiwujiaoyu、putonggaozhong、zhiyejiaoyu、gaodengjiaoyudenggejigeleixuexiaomeiyukechengdemubiao。

  sishijiaocaiguantong,jiaqiangmeiyujiaocaitixijianshe,jianchimakesizhuyizhidaodiwei,zhagenzhongguo、rongtongzhongwai,tuxianzhonghuameiyujingshen,weiraokechengmubiao,jingxuanjiaoxuesucai,fengfujiaoxueziyuan,jiaqiangdazhongxiaoxuemeiyujiaocaiyitihuajianshe,shixianzhuxianguanchuan、xunxujianjin。

yb体育  4.wen: 《yijian》zaishenhuajiaoxuegaigefangmian,tichulenaxiexinjucuo。

  da: 《yijian》weiraoxuexiaomeiyujiaoxue,tichuwugefangmiandejutigaigejucuo。

yb体育  yishikaiqikaizushanghaomeiyuke。qiangdiaoyaoyangeluoshiguojiaguidingdemeiyukechengkaishegangxingyaoqiu,zailuoshi“kaiqikaizu”zheigedixianyaoqiudejichushangzhubushixian“shanghao”demubiao,buduantuokuankechenglingyu,zhubuzengjiakeshi,fengfukechengneirong,tigaomeiyujiaoxuezhiliang。

yb体育  ershigoujianyixueshengfazhanweizhongxindejiaoxuemoshi。zhubuwanshan“yishujichuzhishijibenjineng+yishushenmeitiyan+yishuzhuanxiangtezhang”dejiaoxuemoshi。qiangdiaozaixueshengzhangwobiyaojichuzhishihejibenjinengdejichushang,zhelitishenghexinsuyang,bangzhuxueshengxingchengyishuzhuanxiangtezhang。

yb体育  sanshipujimianxiangrenrendemeiyushijianhuodong。mianxiangrenren,jianlichangtaihuaxueshengquanyuanyishuzhanyanjizhi,dalituiguanghuijiquantixueshengdehechang、hezou、jitiwu、kebenju、yishushijiangongzuofanghebowuguan、feiyizhanshichuanxichangsuotiyanxuexidengshijianhuodong。

yb体育  sishituijinmeiyupingjiagaige。qiangdiaobazhongxiaoxueshengxuexiyinle、meishu、shufadengyishuleikechengyijicanyuxuexiaozuzhideyishushijianhuodongqingkuangnaruxueyeyaoqiu,quanmianshishizhongxiaoxueshengyishusuzhiceping,tansuojiangyishuleikemunaruzhongkaogaigeshidian。

yb体育  wushicujingaoxiaoyishuxuekechuangxinfazhan。qiangdiaojinyibuyouhuaxuekezhuanyebuju,goujianduoyuanhua、tesehua、gaoshuiping,juyouzhongguotesedeyishuxuekezhuanyetixi,tigaoyishurencaipeiyangnengli。

  5.wen: bazhongxiaoxueshengxuexiyinle、meishu、shufadengyishuleikechengyijicanyuxuexiaozuzhideyishushijianhuodongqingkuangnaruxueyeyaoqiu,zheiyangzuohuibuhuizengjiaxueshengfudan?

  da: ybtiyuzheigewenti,xuyaobianzhengdikan。

  shouxian,yishuleikechengxuexijishijianshixueshengyinggaichengdandexueyezeren,shibuyinggaibeijianxialaidefudan。guojiabanbude《yiwujiaoyuyinlekechengbiaozhun》《yiwujiaoyumeishukechengbiaozhun》《yiwujiaoyuyishukechengbiaozhun》《putonggaozhongyinlekechengbiaozhun》《putonggaozhongmeishukechengbiaozhun》《putonggaozhongyishukechengbiaozhun》duizhongxiaoxueshengyishuleikechengxuexiyouzhemingquedexueyeyaoqiu,shixueshengbixuyaochengdandexueyezeren。

  qici,yishuleikechengxuexijishijiannaruxueyeyaoqiu,youzhuyuxueshengdezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhan。yixiedifanghexuexiaozhongzhiyuqingtiyu、meiyu、laodongjiaoyu,pianmianzhuiqiushengxuelv,gaotihaizhanshu、jixieshuati、chaobiaochaoqianjiaoxuedeng,zaochengxueshengguozhongfudan。yingzaoshengdonghuopodexuexifenwei,cujinxueshengshenxinjiankang、quanmianfazhan,qiaqiaxuyaojiaqiangyishuleikechengxuexijishijian,niuzhuanpianmianzhuiqiushengxuelvdecuowuzuofa。

yb体育  zuihou,zhengceqiangdiaoxuexiaozerenluoshi,bimianpeixunjigougonglihuadechaozuo。wenjianjiangyishufangmiandexueyeyaoqiuyangexiandingyucanjiaguojiaguidingdeyinle、meishu、shufadengyishuleikechengxuexi,yijicanjiaxuexiaozuzhideyishushijianhuodong,“kao”dedoushixuexiao“jiao”deneirong,xueshenganzhaoyaoqiuzhengchangcanjiaxuexiaoyishuleikechengjiyishushijianhuodong,jiukeyiwanchengxueyeyaoqiu,yuxiaowaipeixunneirongwuguan。

yb体育  6.wen: 《yijian》duijiaqiangmeiyushiziduiwujianshe,tichulenaxiexincuoshi?

yb体育  da: zongtikan,xuexiaomeiyudeshizililiangchixuzengzhang。julilaishuo,quanguoyiwujiaoyujieduanmeiyujiaoshirenshuyou2009niande49wanrenzengjiadao2019niande74.8wanren。shiniangongzengjia25.8wan,qizhong2015nian《guowuyuanbangongtingybtiyuquanmianjiaqianghegaijinxuexiaomeiyugongzuodeyijian》xiafasinianlai,meiyujiaoshijiuzengjiale14.9wanren。dancongziyuanpeizhishangkan,meiyushiziduiwurengranqueejiaoda,zhuanzhimeiyujiaoshifenbubujunheng,jiaqiangshiziduiwujianshe,rengranshixinshidaixuexiaomeiyugongzuodezhongzhongzhizhong。zaizheifangmian,《yijian》zhenduimuqiancunzaidewenticongsangefangmiantichuruogancuoshi:

  yishiqianghuabuchong,zhenduixuexiaomeiyujiaoshibuchonglidubuqiangdewenti,《yijian》mingqueyaoqiuweipeiqidediqumeinianyaohuachuyidingbiliyongyuzhaopinmeiyujiaoshi,youtiaojiandedifangkeyitongguogoumaifuwufangshi,yuxiangguanzhuanyejigoudengshehuililianghezuo,xiangzhongxiaoxuetigongmeiyujiaoyujiaoxuefuwu,huanjieshizibuzuwenti。

yb体育  ershitigaozhiliang,zhenduiboruoxuexiaomeiyujiaoshishuliangbuzu、zhiliangbugaodewenti,《yijian》yaoqiugediyaojiaqiangxiangcunxuexiaomeiyujiaoshipeiyang,tichutuidongshishiyishujiaoyuzhuanyedaxueshengzhijiaojihua,kaizhanmeiyujinrunxingdongjihua。quanmiantigaomeiyujiaoshisixiangzhengzhisuzhi、jiaoxuesuzhi、yurennenglihezhiyedaodeshuiping。

  sanshijiadajili,zhenduixuexiaomeiyujiaoshijilizhengcebudaoweidewenti,《yijian》mingquetichuyouhuameiyujiaoshigangweijiegou,changtongmeiyujiaoshidezhiyefazhantongdao。jiangmeiyujiaoshichengdanxuexiaoanpaideyishushetuanzhidao,kewaihuodong、kehoufuwudengdierketangzhidaohezoujiaorenwujirugongzuoliang。

  7. wen: 《yijian》qiangdiaoyaotongchouzhengheshehuiziyuan,qingwenzaizheifangmiantichulenaxieshizhao。

yb体育  da: xuexiaomeiyushejixuexiao、shehuifangfangmianmian。shijianzhengming,tuijinxuexiaomeiyudegaigefazhan,xuyaotongchouzhenghegefangziyuan,xingchengyimeiyurendeheli。《yijian》jiadasangefangmiandetongchouzhenghelidu:  

  yishitongchouzhenghejiaoshiziyuan。tichuyoutiaojiandediqukeyitongguogoumaifuwufangshi,yuxiangguanzhuanyejigoudengshehuililianghezuo。guliyouxiuwenyigongzuozhedengrenshidaoxuexiaojianrenmeiyujiaoshi。tuidongshishiyishujiaoyuzhuanyedaxueshengzhijiaojihua。

  ershitongchouzhenghejiaoxueziyuan。tichutuidongjibengonggongwenhuafuwuxiangmuweixuexiaomeiyujiaoxuefuwu。xinjianwenhuayishuxiangmuyouxianjianzaixuexiaohuoqizhoubian。gulixuexiaoyushehuigonggongwenhuayishuchangguan、wenyiyuantuanhezuokaishemeiyukecheng。zhenghexiaonei、xiaowaiziyuankaizhanmeiyushijianhuodong。

  sanshitongchouzhenghechangguanziyuan。tichuyoutiaojiandedifanghexuexiaomeinianzuzhixueshengxianchangcanguan1cimeishuguan、shufaguan、bowuguan。chongfenwajuexuexiaoyishuchangguandeshehuifuwugongneng,guliyoutiaojiandexuexiaojiangyishuchangguanxiangshehuiyouxukaifang。

  8.wen: xiayiburuhebaozheng《yijian》demubiao、renwuhecuoshiluodaoshichu? 

  da: 《yijian》tichugediyaoyanjiuluoshijiaqianghegaijinxinshidaixuexiaomeiyugongzuodejuticuoshi,jieheshijizhidingshishixuexiaomeiyujiaoshipeibeihechangdiqicaijianshesannianxingdongjihua。jiaoyubujiangbatuidong《yijian》luodiluoshi,quanmianjiaqianghegaijinxuexiaomeiyugongzuozuoweijinhouyiduanshiqineidezhongdiangongzuolaizhua。

yb体育  yishiqianghuazuzhilingdao。difanggejidangweihezhengfuyaobaxuexiaomeiyugongzuonaruzhongyaoyishiricheng,narudifangjingjishehuifazhanguihua,jiaqiangduibendiquxuexiaomeiyugaigefazhandezongtimouhua。gediyaojianquantongchouxiediaojizhi,diaozhengyouhuajiaoyuzhichujiegou,wanshantourujizhi,tuidongluoshihaogexianggaigecuoshi。

  ershixihuazhidujianshe。yanjiuzhidingguifanxuexiaomeiyugongzuodefagui,weituidongxuexiaomeiyufazhantigongyoulifazhibaozhang。jianquanjiaoyududaopingjiazhidu,wanshanguojiayiwujiaoyumeiyuzhiliangjiance。jiaqiangduidifangzhidingshishixuexiaomeiyudexiangguanzhengcehejihuadezhidaohezhichi。

  sanshijiaqiangxuanchuanyindao。tongguoduozhongfangshijiaqiangzhengcejiedu,jishixuanchuanbaodaogedijiaqianggaijinxuexiaomeiyugongzuodejuticuoshi、dianxingjingyan,ningjugongshi,yingzaoquanshehuigongtongcujinxuexiaomeiyufazhandelianghaoshehuifenwei。


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